What is a cookie?
A cookie is a harmless text file which is stored in your browser when you visit almost any website. The use of the cookie is that the website is able to remember your visit when you return to the page. Although many people are not aware of it, cookies have been used since 20 years ago when the first World Wide Web browsers appeared.
What is a cookie NOT?
It is not a virus, a trojan, a worm, spam, spyware, or a pop-up.
What information does a cookie store?
Cookies do not usually store sensitive information about you, such as credit card or bank details, photographs, your DNI identity number or personal information, etc. The data that they store are technical, about personal preferences, customisation of content, etc. The web server does not associate with you as a person, but rather with your web browser. In fact, if you usually browse with Internet Explorer and try to navigate on the same website with Firefox or Chrome you will see that the website does not realise that you are the same person because in reality it is associating with the browser, not the person.
What types of cookies exist?
- Technical cookies: They are the most basic and allow, among other things, to know when a human or an automated application is browsing, when an anonymous or registered user is browsing, and basic functions for the function of any dynamic website.
- Analysis cookies: They collect information about the type of browsing being carried out, the sections used most, products viewed, time zone, language, etc.
- Advertising cookies: Show advertisements according to browsing, country, language, etc.
What are own and third party cookies?
Own cookies are those generated by the website that you are visiting and third party cookies are those generated by external services or providers such as Facebook, Twitter, Google, etc.
What happens if I deactivate cookies?
So that you understand the effect that deactivating cookies can have we will give some examples:
- You will not be able to share content from the website on Facebook, Twitter or any other social network.
- The website will not be able to adapt its content to your personal preferences, as tends to happen in online shops.
- You will not be able to access the personal section of the website, for example, such as My account, My profile, or My orders.
- Online shops: It will be impossible for you to make purchases online; they will have to be made by telephone or by visiting the physical shop if one exists.
- It will not be possible to customise your geographical preferences such as time zone, currency or language.
- The website will not be able to carry out web analysis on visitors and web traffic, which will make it difficult for the website to be competitive.
- You will not be able to write in the blog, upload photos, post comments, or evaluate or vote on content. The website will also not know whether you are a human or an automated application which publishes spam.
- You will not be able to be shown sectored advertising, which will reduce the advertising revenue of the website.
Can you remove cookies?
Yes. Not only remove, but also block, generally or individually for a specific website. To remove the cookies from a website you must go to your browser’s settings and search for the cookies associated with the website in question and proceed to remove them.
Cookie configuration for the most popular browsers.
Below we will describe how to access a specific cookie from the Chrome navigator. Note: these steps may vary depending on the version of the browser:
- Go to Configuration or Preferences through the Archive menu or by clicking on the customisation icon which appears at the top right.
- You will see different sections, click on the option Show advanced options.
- Go to Privacy, Content Settings.
- Select All cookies and site data.
- A list of all cookies ordered by website will appear. To make it easier to find the cookies of a specific website, enter the address partially or fully in the Search cookies field.
- After applying this filter, one or various lines with the cookies of the requested website will appear. Now you just have to select it and click the X to proceed with its removal.
To access cookie configuration from the Internet Explorer browser, follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Go to Tools, Internet Options
- Click on Privacy
- Move the scroll bar to adjust the level of privacy that you desire.
To access cookie configuration from the Firefox browser follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Go to Options or Preferences, depending on your version.
- Click on Privacy.
- In History choose Use custom settings for history.
- Now you will see the Accept cookies option, and can activate or deactivate it according to your preferences.
To access cookie configuration from the Safari for OSX operating system follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Go to Preferences, then Privacy.
- Here you will see the Block cookies option to adjust the type of block you wish to carry out.
To access cookie configuration from the Safari for iOS browser follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Go to Settings, then Safari.
- Go to Privacy and Security, you will see the Block cookies option to adjust the type of block you wish to carry out.
To access cookie configuration for the browser for Android devices follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Open the browser and click Menu, then Settings.
- Go to Security and Privacy, you will see the option Accept cookies and be able to select or deselect the check box.
To access cookie configuration for the browser for Windows Phone follow these steps (they may vary depending on the version of the browser):
- Open Internet Explorer, then More, then Configuration.
- Now you can select or deselect the Allow cookies check box.